Kedarnath – Kedarnath
Kedarnath temple located in Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand is worshiped as the first Kedar among the Panchkedar temples of Lord Shiva (Kedarnath, Madhyamaheshwar, Tungnath, Rudranath, and Kalpeshwar), it is also one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva.
Kedarnath is also a part of the Chardham Yatra in Uttarakhand. Apart from Kedarnath, devotees also visit Gangotri, Yamunotri, and Badrinath in Chhota Chardham Yatra. Being situated at a high altitude above sea level, Kedarnath temple visits are closed during the winter season as many feet of snow accumulate here during the winter season, due to which it is considered almost impossible to reach the temple on foot.
The Kedarnath temple made of huge stones is built in the Katyuri style, which is considered to be a very ancient architectural style. The Shivling installed inside the temple is very ancient. The history of the Kedarnath temple is associated with the time of Mahabharata, it is said that the temple was built by Janamejaya, a descendant of Pandavas. After that Adi Guru Shankaracharya also got the work of renovation of this temple done.
History of Kedarnath – History of Kedarnath
According to religious and mythological beliefs, the history of the construction of the Kedarnath temple is believed to be from the time of the Mahabharata period. This has also been confirmed in many ancient texts of Hinduism. Scientists have not yet been able to ascertain the actual time of construction of the Kedarnath temple. But for more than 1000 years, there is clear evidence of this temple being made a pilgrimage by the devotees.
Rahul Sankrityayan in his books has believed that the Kedarnath temple was built around the 12th to 13th centuries. According to Raja Bhoj Stuti, an ancient book kept in the museum of Gwalior city of Madhya Pradesh, the temple was constructed around 1076 to 1099 AD.
Some historians also believe that the temple was renovated by Adi Guru Shankaracharya around the 8th century. Some people also believe that Adi Guru Shankaracharya had built a second temple near the temple built in Dwapara Yuga. Inscriptions in Pali and Brahmi scripts have also been found on the steps of the temple, which have not yet been clearly translated.
According to historian Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, people who followed Shaivism used to visit Kedarnath before Adi Guru Shankaracharya. Overall, it becomes clear that the Kedarnath temple is more than 1000 years old, but even today there are differences among historians regarding its construction.
The architecture of Kedarnath
The ancient Kedarnath temple, built in the Katyuri architectural style, was built on a 06 feet high square platform, which has been changed after the natural disaster in 2013. Huge stones have been used in the construction of the temple but wood has been used in the construction of the shikhara of the temple. An urn made of gold has also been installed on the top of the temple.
The temple courtyard is divided into three parts which are called Gribhagriha, Darshan Mandap, and Sabha Mandap respectively. The ancient Shivling of Lord Shiva is installed in the sanctum, whose size is four cubits long and one and a half hands wide. Idols of the five Pandavas along with Draupadi have also been installed in the sanctum.
Standing in the Darshan Mandap, devotees can have darshan of Shivling and can also worship. Standing in the sabha mandap, devotees can participate in the mass aarti of Lord Shiva. A huge statue of Nandi, the vehicle of Lord Shiva, has also been installed in the courtyard built outside the temple. There are also many kunds in the back part of the temple, in which devotees can do Aachman and Tarpan.
The story of Kedarnath being established as a Jyotirlinga is considered to be older than the Mahabharata period. According to the mythological story most narrated in the establishment of Kedarnath as a Jyotirlinga, many thousands of years ago, on the top of Kedar mountain situated in the Himalayas, considered to be the incarnations of Lord Vishnu, then Mahatapasvi Nar and Narayan worshiped Lord Shiva. He did penance for many centuries to please him.
It is believed that both the great ascetics continued to do penance for Lord Shiva by standing on one leg without consuming food and water for several thousand years. Due to continuous penance for such a long time, both these sages became the subject of discussion in the three worlds. The austerity of these two sages was being praised all around, the creator of the universe, the Supreme Father Brahma, was also very much pleased with the hard penance being done by Nar and Narayan.
After several thousand years of hard penance, finally, Lord Shiva appeared pleased and appeared to Nar and Narayan. Nar and Narayan were extremely pleased to see Lord Shiva after thousands of years of penance performed by them. Lord Shiva was very pleased with the penance of Nar and Narayan and asked both the sages to ask for anything as a blessing.
Hearing this from Lord Shiva, both the sages requested Lord Shiva to establish his one form forever in this Kedarkhand for the welfare of his supreme devotees. Hearing this time of Nar and Narayan, Lord Shiva was even more pleased, and, blessing both the sages, he established his form in the form of Jyotirlinga in Kedarkhand.
Thus Kedarnath is worshiped as a Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva. Kedarnath is also called Kedareshwar-Jyotirlinga because of its location in the Kedar mountain range of the Himalayas.
Panch Kedar Story of Kedarnath
Lord Shiva Statue
The mythology associated with Kedarnath’s Panchkedar is believed to be from the Mahabharata period. According to the legend, the Pandavas were victorious in the war of Mahabharata, but at the same time, the sin of the fraternity was also imposed on them during the war. Because the Pandavas had to kill their brothers and relatives to win the war of Mahabharata, Lord Shiva was also very angry with the Pandavas because of this.
To get rid of the sin of fraternity, sage Vyasa suggested to the Pandavas that if Lord Shiva blesses all the brothers, then he can get rid of all the sins of fraternity. At the suggestion of sage Vyasa, the Pandavas started making efforts to please Lord Shiva, but Lord Shiva was so angry with the Pandavas that he went to Kashi in disguise.
The five Pandavas reached Kashi in search of Lord Shiva. As soon as Lord Shiva came to know that the Pandavas had reached Kashi in search of them, he meditated from there and went silent in Kedarkhand of the Himalayas. The Pandavas were also firm in their passion, they even reached Kedar in search of Lord Shiva. Now to escape from the Pandavas, Lord Shiva took the form of a bull and joined the cattle.
But the Pandavas were careful about this, they recognized Lord Shiva in the form of a bull. To prevent Lord Shiva from going anywhere else, Bhima took a huge form and spread his feet on the mountains, other cattle came out from under Bhima’s feet, but in the form of a bull, Lord Shiva was under Bhima’s feet. we’re not ready to leave.
Recognizing Lord Shiva in the form of a bull, Bhima tried to capture Lord Shiva. But Lord Shiva started meditating in the land, on which Bhima caught the hump (back) of the bull. When Bhima did this, a part of Lord Shiva i.e. the back remained in Kedarnath and four other parts of his body appeared at four different places.
(Thus the five different parts of Lord Shiva’s body came to be worshiped as Panch Kedar.) In the end, Lord Shiva, pleased by the devotion and strong willpower of the Pandavas, blessed all the brothers to be freed from the sin of fraternity. Is. According to the legend, Lord Shiva appeared in Kathmandu (the temple of Lord Shiva located in Kathmandu is called Pashupati Nath Temple) when Lord Shiva re-appeared in the form of a bull.
Apart from this, his belly (navel) appeared in Madhyamaheshwar, his arms appeared in Tungnath, his face appeared in Rudranath and lastly, his hair appeared in Kalpeshwar.
The geographical location of Kedarnath
Kedarnath temple is situated near the Mandakini river originating from the Chaurabari Glacier. The Kedarnath Temple is situated at the foothills of the Kedar Mountains of the Himalayas, at an altitude of 3553 meters (11657 feet) above sea level.
Kedarnath is a major religious place in India. Because this temple is revered first amongst the Panch Kedar temples of Lord Shiva and is also one of the 12 Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva, besides being a part of the holy Chota Char Dham Yatra of Uttarakhand.
Apart from this, this temple is the most visited among all the temples of Lord Shiva. The fame of the temple can be gauged from the fact that every year lakhs of devotees come to visit Kedarnath. You can visit Gaurikund for Kedarnath Yatra located in Rudraprayag district.
Can go by car. After Gaurikund, you have to walk 18 km to reach Kedarnath.
Kedarnath Temple Opening Time in 2021 – Kedarnath Temple Opening Date 2021 in Hindi
Kedarnath receives a lot of snowfall in the winter season, due to which the Kedarnath temple is covered with many feet of snow. Due to excessive snowfall, the doors of the Kedarnath temple remain closed for 06 months. Throughout the year, Kedarnath’s darshan is closed for devotees from the month of November to April.
In these six months of the year, Kedarnath’s palanquin is taken to Omkareshwar of Ukhimath, and worship of Kedarnath goes to this temple till the doors of the temple are opened.
The date of the reopening of the Kedarnath temple is announced every year after Mahashivratri by the Rawal of Kedarnath. In the year 2021, the date of opening of the doors of Kedarnath has been fixed as May 17. The doors of the Kedarnath temple will be opened for the devotees to visit from 05:00 am on 17th May.
Kedarnath Temple Closing Date in 2021 – With the approaching of the summer season, Kedarnath’s darshan remains open for the devotees for the next six months. But every year in the months of October and November, the doors of Kedarnath are closed for the devotees. The closure of the doors of the temple is announced every year on the day of Bhai Dooj that comes after Diwali. Can go by car. After Gaurikund, you have to walk 18 km to reach Kedarnath.
I will write a whole separate post for Kedarnath Yatra so that you do not face any kind of inconvenience during Kedarnath Yatra. Click here for complete details of Kedarnath Yatra.
Kedarnath Temple Opening Time in 2021
Kedarnath receives a lot of snowfall in the winter season, due to which the Kedarnath temple is covered with many feet of snow. Due to excessive snowfall, the doors of the Kedarnath temple remain closed for 06 months. Throughout the year, Kedarnath’s darshan is closed for devotees from the month of November to April.In these six months of the year, Kedarnath’s palanquin is taken to Omkareshwar of Ukhimath, and worship of Kedarnath goes to this temple till the doors of the temple are opened.
The date of reopening of the Kedarnath temple is announced every year after Mahashivratri by the Rawal of Kedarnath. In the year 2021, the date of opening of the doors of Kedarnath has been fixed as May 17. The doors of the Kedarnath temple will be opened for the devotees to visit from 05:00 am on 17th May.Kedarnath Temple Closing Date in 2021 – Kedarnath Temple Closing Date 2021 in Hindi
With the approaching of the summer season, Kedarnath’s darshan remains open for the devotees for the next six months. But every year in the months of October and November, the doors of Kedarnath are closed for the devotees.